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("Carbon Dioxide" OR "Koldioxid") 6750+ documents

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    What does (carbon Dioxide Or Koldioxid) mean? Let's check what the community at Wikipedia thinks

    På svenska: Koldioxid, kemisk formel CO2, är vid rumstemperatur en färglös gas. Den fyller viktiga biologiska funktioner och spelar en central roll för jordens växtlighet. Koldioxid är även en viktig växthusgas. Koldioxid används för många olika industriella tillämpningar. Koldioxid bildas vid förbränning samt genom andning hos aeroba organismer (växter, djur, svampar och många mikroorganismer). Med hjälp av fotosyntesen omvandlar, å andra sidan, växterna koldioxid till syre, vatten och sockerarter som de dels använder i sin egen metabolism, dels lagrar i sina celler. Vid låga koncentrationer är koldioxid lukt- och smaklöst. Höga koncentrationer gör att koldioxiden löser sig i slemhinnanornas vatten och bildar kolsyra som smakar surt och sticker i näsan. Med naturvetenskapligt språkbruk är kolsyra vattenlösningen av koldioxid (se kolsyra). Men bland annat i livsmedelssammanhang och i vardagligt tal kallar man även ofta gasen koldioxid för kolsyra. Bubblorna i öl och läskedrycker är gasformig koldioxid löst i vätskan. Lär dig mer på Wikipedia
    In English: Carbon dioxide is a chemical compound with the chemical formula CO2. It is made up of molecules that each have one carbon atom covalently double bonded to two oxygen atoms. It is found in the gas state at room temperature, and as the source of available carbon in the carbon cycle, atmospheric CO2 is the primary carbon source for life on Earth. In the air, carbon dioxide is transparent to visible light but absorbs infrared radiation, acting as a greenhouse gas. Carbon dioxide is soluble in water and is found in groundwater, lakes, ice caps, and seawater. When carbon dioxide dissolves in water, it forms carbonate and mainly bicarbonate (HCO−3), which causes ocean acidification as atmospheric CO2 levels increase.It is a trace gas in Earth's atmosphere at 421 parts per million (ppm), or about 0.04% (as of May 2022) having risen from pre-industrial levels of 280 ppm or about 0.025%. Burning fossil fuels is the primary cause of these increased CO2 concentrations and also the primary cause of climate change.Its concentration in Earth's pre-industrial atmosphere since late in the Precambrian was regulated by organisms and geological phenomena. Plants, algae and cyanobacteria use energy from sunlight to synthesize carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water in a process called photosynthesis, which produces oxygen as a waste product. In turn, oxygen is consumed and CO2 is released as waste by all aerobic organisms when they metabolize organic compounds to produce energy by respiration. CO2 is released from organic materials when they decay or combust, such as in forest fires. Since plants require CO2 for photosynthesis, and humans and animals depend on plants for food, CO2 is necessary for the survival of life on earth. Carbon dioxide is 53% more dense than dry air, but is long lived and thoroughly mixes in the atmosphere. About half of excess CO2 emissions to the atmosphere are absorbed by land and ocean carbon sinks. These sinks can become saturated and are volatile, as decay and wildfires result in the CO2 being released back into the atmosphere. CO2 is eventually sequestered (stored for the long term) in rocks and organic deposits like coal, petroleum and natural gas. Sequestered CO2 is released into the atmosphere through burning fossil fuels or naturally by volcanoes, hot springs, geysers, and when carbonate rocks dissolve in water or react with acids. CO2 is a versatile industrial material, used, for example, as an inert gas in welding and fire extinguishers, as a pressurizing gas in air guns and oil recovery, and as a supercritical fluid solvent in decaffeination of coffee and supercritical drying. It is a byproduct of fermentation of sugars in bread, beer and wine making, and is added to carbonated beverages like seltzer and beer for effervescence. It has a sharp and acidic odor and generates the taste of soda water in the mouth, but at normally encountered concentrations it is odorless. Learn more at Wikipedia