Science | Jobs | Life | Policy | Global

Welcome to Swedish Policy Documents

("Shale Gas" OR "Skiffergas") 100+ documents

Get policy updates on this search to your inbox >>
Your e-mail address:   

    What does (shale Gas Or Skiffergas) mean? Let's check what the community at Wikipedia thinks

    På svenska: Skiffergas är naturgas som är termiskt bunden till skifferberggrunden närmare 1 000 meter under markytan. För att utvinna gasen används frackning, hydraulisk spräckning, i gasskiffern. Genom att borra till rätt djup horisontellt i skifferlagret och pumpa ned vatten under högt tryck som spräcker skiffern, frigör den sitt innehåll av gas – till större delen metan. I spräckningsvätskan adderas kvartssand och en liten mängd kemikalier, omkring 1 %, för att behålla porerna öppna och minska friktionen. Vid utvinning av oljeskiffer, som kan brytas och förädlas genom pyrolys som i till exempel Kvarntorp i Närke, används inte frackning. Metoden är kontroversiell men används alltmer i bland annat USA och kritiseras av miljöorganisationer. Naturgas kan transporteras i pipelines, men kan även kylas till minus 160 °C och transporteras som flytande naturgas (LNG) i tankar på båtar, tågvagnar och lastbilar. Lär dig mer på Wikipedia
    In English: Shale gas is an unconventional natural gas that is found trapped within shale formations. Since the 1990s a combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing has made large volumes of shale gas more economical to produce, and some analysts expect that shale gas will greatly expand worldwide energy supply.Shale gas has become an increasingly important source of natural gas in the United States since the start of this century, and interest has spread to potential gas shales in the rest of the world. China is estimated to have the world's largest shale gas reserves.A 2013 review by the United Kingdom Department of Energy and Climate Change noted that most studies of the subject have estimated that life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from shale gas are similar to those of conventional natural gas, and are much less than those from coal, usually about half the greenhouse gas emissions of coal; the noted exception was a 2011 study by Howarth and others of Cornell University, which concluded that shale GHG emissions were as high as those of coal. More recent studies have also concluded that life-cycle shale gas GHG emissions are much less than those of coal, among them, studies by Natural Resources Canada (2012), and a consortium formed by the US National Renewable Energy Laboratory with a number of universities (2012).Some 2011 studies pointed to high rates of decline of some shale gas wells as an indication that shale gas production may ultimately be much lower than is currently projected. But shale-gas discoveries are also opening up substantial new resources of tight oil, also known as "shale oil". Learn more at Wikipedia